European Parliament in EU’s external relations – Professor Harri Kalimo as an Opponent in the Doctoral defence Oleksandr Moskalenko

The Ukrainian crisis showed how the market leverage of the European Union may have considerable, and unpredictable, implications in terms of foreign and security policy. The EU’s efforts to establish strong economic ties to Ukraine through an Association Agreement contributed to the Russian annexation of Crimea and support for the separatists in Eastern Ukraine as a reaction to what was perceived as a threat to Russia’s geo-political interests. The European Parliament played a part in these developments; it is an institutional actor that is eager to expand its role from the traditional communitarian areas of EU’s internal and external policies to the sphere of European foreign and security policy. This was the theme explored in the Doctoral dissertation of Oleksandr Moskalenko at the University of Turku Faculty of Law on 10 November. The opponent in the defence, Prof. Harri Kalimo from the IES, congratulated the candidate after the successful disputation for his exploration of the Parliament’s evolving role, in particular the portrayal of the numerous informal ways in which the institution has been engaging with Ukraine, much beyond what the constitutional framework of the Lisbon Treaty might have led one to believe. The Parliament is an actor that is increasingly important as the EU strives to coordinate its market and security policy agendas.