1/2018

The political trilemma of the economic and monetary union

Nicola Acocella
Paolo Pasimeni

The analysis of divergences and imbalances in the EMU suggests that failure to reduce inflation rate differentials in a monetary union may lead to increasing economic and political tensions and has indeed done so. However, it is also true that a top-down coordination of national policies for implementing structural policies in order to pursue that reduction would raise issues of democratic legitimacy. This epitomises the existential challenges that the EU faces nowadays.

 

12/2018

EL-CSID Policy brief 12 - The Role of Foreign Correspondents in Cultural and Science Diplomacy

Georgios Terzis
Linsey Armstrong

With both the EU and EU Member States maintaining a strong focus on culture and scientific diplomacy initiatives, it is imperative to explore how foreign correspondents covering these issues affect the perception of the European Union and its member states to audiences abroad. This policy brief attempts to examine the role foreign correspondents play in covering culture and science diplomacy, as well as in highlighting trends, challenges and opportunities for foreign correspondents...

11/2018

EL-CSID Policy Brief 11 - New Prospects in Turkey-EU Relations: How to Fix a Weakened Relationship through Cultural Diplomacy

Naciye Selin Senocak

This policy brief analyses the key shortcomings of EU cultural diplomacy and cooperation with Turkey, identifies the key opportunities and constraints and proposes recommendations for an effective strategic cooperation. ​

10/2018

EL-CSID Policy brief 10 - Optimising the impact of European cultural, science and innovation diplomacy in Egypt and Tunisia

Antoine Hatzenberger

This Policy Brief aims to understand how the EU’s endeavours in the fields of culture and scientific research have been received in Egypt and Tunisia, with the aim of developing a sustainable policy direction. After having identified examples of culture and science relations between the EU and MENA countries, the primary question was: What do the EU’s partners from the neighbouring countries in the South of the Mediterranean think of its approach to science,...

9/2018

EL-CSID Policy brief 9 - Diaspora and its role in the European cultural diplomacy with Kazakhstan

Neil Collins
Kristina Bekenova

The bilateral relations between Kazakhstan and the nine European Union countries examined in this policy brief are characterised by the existence of large ethnic communities or “beached diasporas”.  In this policy brief, the European diasporas living in Kazakhstan are discussed in the context of European cultural diplomacy. The brief analyses their role and that of various specialised ethnic-cultural agencies in EU cultural diplomacy. It asks how the promotion...

07/2018

KF-VUB Korea Chair Policy Brief 7 - Foreign Policy Looks South: Seoul’s ‘New Southern Policy’

South Korean President Moon Jae-in is in the middle of a trip to India and Singapore. This visits fits within Seoul’s ‘New Southern Policy’, an effort by the Moon government to strengthen economic and diplomatic links with ASEAN and India. On the economic front, President Moon seeks to increase trade and investment between South Korea and its southern neighbours. Previous South Korean governments signed free trade agreements with both ASEAN and India, but increasing...

06/2018

KF-VUB Korea Chair Policy Brief 6 - Kim Jong-un’s tools of coercion

Jung H. Pak

Last fall and winter, the world was tense with the real possibilities of a military conflict breaking out on the Korean Peninsula as a result of Kim Jong-un’s testing of intercontinental ballistic missiles, the North’s sixth and largest nuclear test, and the rhetorical war with U.S. President Donald Trump. While the threat of another Korean war seems to be in the rear-view mirror, for now, we have to remember that Kim has been expanding, sharpening, and demonstrating other tools...

8/2018

EL-CSID Policy brief 8: Culture in the ENP South: Broad Ambitions, Little Strategy, Insufficient Means

Riccardo Trobbiani

This policy brief analyses the key shortcomings of EU cultural cooperation in the ENP South and proposes recommendations for reform. It looks at both the strategies and instruments in place. Euro-Mediterranean cultural relations lack strategic thinking. On the one hand, EU policies on cultural cooperation fail to design a region-specific plan. On the other hand, EU external policies including the ENP do not clarify the role of culture and its relative importance vis-à-vis other...

07/2018

EL-CSID Policy brief 7: Africa in Sight: Strategising a Renewed EU Focus

​Annamarie Bindenagel Šehović

Africa is (back) in sight. The belatedly formed coalition government in Germany, alongside the governments of France and the United Kingdom, has made ‘Africa’ a central focus of its political rhetoric. Numerous initiatives, from knowledge exchange to security exercises, stretch from the Sahel to South Africa. Translating these disparate endeavours into strategic policy can shape future perspectives and partnerships between the Europe, the European Union and Africa. This...

05/2018

KF-VUB Korea Chair Policy Brief 5 - Jobs, fairness and peace: The first anniversary of the Moon government

One year from his election, Moon Jae-in is a very popular president with approval ratings hovering around 80 per cent. The reason for his popularity is, to an extent, fairly simple: he has followed the promises that he made during last year’s election campaign. This refers both to domestic affairs and inter-Korean relations. With regards to the former, President Moon has been implementing a series of job boosting measures. He wants to address a perceived lack of good-quality jobs....