Recent Publications

Rik Coolsaet

The prevention of violent radicalisation as part of counter-terrorism measures is a top priority of the European Union and national security agendas. In 2015 Belgium introduced promising reforms in countering radicalisation and terrorism that aimed at connecting not only intelligence, security and police services across different policy levels but also the multitude of other stakeholders representing the government and civil society. However, the implementation and further development of the Belgian approach to prevention of radicalisation remain contested in political and public debate. This stands to reason because there is a lack of empirical data and a certain disregard of the voices of first-line practitioners who develop and operate preventive measures on the ground. Taking this into account, this IES policy brief provides a critical overview of the current state of Belgium’s counter-radicalisation policy through the prism of analysis of stakeholders’ vision of the present challenges:  the conceptualisation of radicalisation in theory and practise, inter-agency and multi-stakeholder collaboration, and the evidence-based evaluation of interventions.

Nicola Acocella
Paolo Pasimeni

The analysis of divergences and imbalances in the EMU suggests that failure to reduce inflation rate differentials in a monetary union may lead to increasing economic and political tensions and has indeed done so. However, it is also true that a top-down coordination of national policies for implementing structural policies in order to pursue that reduction would raise issues of democratic legitimacy. This epitomises the existential challenges that the EU faces nowadays.

 

Christopher S. Browning

Recent years have seen an interesting development in practices and policies of nation branding. Alongside an emphasis in which nation branding programmes seek to activate desires of conspicuous consumption in consumers, or to use branded messages to attract investment, there has also been a growing emphasis placed on policy transfer as a part of nation branding strategies. To date, this shift towards the incorporation of policy transfer within nation branding practices had received only limited analysis. Questions that arise, therefore, include: why are countries increasingly shifting their nation branding programmes in this direction? What do they seek to gain by engaging in such exports? And should we take the ostensibly beneficent nature of such practices at face value? The aim of this working paper is therefore to consider what the shift to policy transfer may tell us about the developing politics of nation branding.

Diana Potjomkina

This policy paper aims to contribute practical insights and recommendations to the intense debate on engagement of stakeholders in the European Union’s trade policy. The EU is currently facing increasing demand for a constructive dialogue with stakeholders on trade. In response, several new measures are being implemented or planned at the moment. These ‘policy windows’ allow for certain short-term as well as longer-term policy adjustments.

Ramon Pacheco Pardo
Linde Desmaele
Maximilian Ernst

The strategic partnership between the EU and the ROK is strong and solid. It is yet to reach its full potential though. This is understandable, considering that relations were only upgraded to a fully-fledged strategic partnership in 2010 and that the agreements covering the political and security pillars only entered into force in 2014 and 2016, respectively. In this report we identify, however, nine areas in which cooperation between the ROK and the EU could and, we believe, should be strengthened in the near future to help safeguard both parties’ interests at the global level.​

Riccardo Trobbiani
Simon Schunz

This paper examines how, to what extent and why the EU engages in cultural diplomacy vis-à-vis the US. While providing an empirical review of and conceptual reflection on thecurrent state of the EU’s (including key member states’) efforts at employing culturaldiplomacy vis-à-vis the US, the paper also strives to explain the forms of this activity. It argues that a multi-level EU cultural diplomacy in the US does exist, but that its potential is currently underused. As could be expected, the EU Delegation to the US seems to be most willing to pursue EU cultural diplomacy, whereas the extent of EU cultural diplomacy at the level of coordinated activities between the EU and the member states, as well as at the member state level remains low. This finding can be explained primarily with a latent competition between member states. While the general motivation to engage in cultural diplomacy can be interest- or value-driven – and is in the case of EU cultural diplomacy vis- à-vis the US arguably both –, it is undeniable that, in a country like the US, the interest- driven soft power competition that is often a key incentive for actors to engage in cultural diplomacy activities at all plays out negatively inside the EU. These findings are corroborated by a brief discussion of the potential acceptance of EU cultural action in the US, which highlights how, despite positive perceptions of European culture as such, the EU is hardly recognized as an actor in the field of culture.

Ilke Adam
Hepburn Eve

ADAM, Ilke and HEPBURN, Eve (2018), Intergovernmental Relations on Immigrant Integration in Multi-Level States, Regional and Federal Studies, Regional and Federal Studies.

Georgios Terzis
Linsey Armstrong

With both the EU and EU Member States maintaining a strong focus on culture and scientific diplomacy initiatives, it is imperative to explore how foreign correspondents covering these issues affect the perception of the European Union and its member states to audiences abroad. This policy brief attempts to examine the role foreign correspondents play in covering culture and science diplomacy, as well as in highlighting trends, challenges and opportunities for foreign correspondents currently stationed abroad.

Naciye Selin Senocak

This policy brief analyses the key shortcomings of EU cultural diplomacy and cooperation with Turkey, identifies the key opportunities and constraints and proposes recommendations for an effective strategic cooperation. ​

Chantal Lavallée

“Chapter 6: The Single European Sky: a window of opportunity for EU–NATO relations” in EU–NATO relations: running on the fumes of informed deconfliction, edited by Simon J. Smith, Carmen Gebhard and Nina Graeger, Oxford: Routledge, 2018.