Recent Publications

Mason Richey
Ohn Daewon

Mainstream thinking about the role of the European Union in East Asia usually rests on non-traditional security threats such as human and environmental security. In contrast, and within the context of the continuing instability on the Korean peninsula, this Policy Brief looks at the potential for EU-Republic of Korea cooperation on hard security matters. This Policy Brief surmises that there is much room for cooperation that chimes with the objectives of the European Security Strategy and its Implementation Report. The Policy Brief concludes that the EU and Member States will need to balance desirability and ambition if coherent and effective EU-ROK cooperation is to emerge.

About the authors

Daewon Ohn is Director of the Centre for International Cooperation and Strategy and Professor of International Relations in the Graduate School of International and Area Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, South Korea. He writes here in a personal capacity.

Mason Richey is Associate Professor of Politics in the Department of EU Studies at the Graduate School of International and Area Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies,Seoul, South Korea. He writes here in a personal capacity.


Financing research and development programmes have never been more expensive in Europe. Defence budgets are on the wane, international competition is fierce and high-end technologies are increasingly expensive. Europe’s defence-industrial base is under significant strain, and options are needed to fund elements of a sector that is still crucial to Europe’s security and industry. This Policy Brief argues that the European Investment Bank could play a much greater role in Europe’s defence sector. As a public-private institution the Bank could serve as a life-line to defence R&D, dual-use projects and support for SMEs, especially where regional clusters are involved.

Belgium is on the cusp of its next defence reform. While the security landscape throughout Europe’s neighbourhood and beyond deteriorates, the armed forces face numerous challenges. Most importantly, the next defence plan needs to recalibrate the force structure in function of political ambitions and budgetary realities. This Policy Brief argues that Belgium must embrace a nimble but broad-spectrum force. Any future structure must encompass agile land forces as well as a modern combat air force, without neglecting the need to safeguard a sizeable navy and invest in cyber capabilities. European cooperation should be pursued wherever possible while recognising that this necessitates budgetary convergence. For Belgium this means the investment budget needs to grow significantly in order to acquire interoperable but self-owned assets. Such a choice can be justified on the recognition that defence is not just about expeditionary operations, but also economic stimulus, intergenerational solidarity and strategic insurance: maintaining the ability to respond to whatever the future may bring.

A crisis of democratic legitimacy? It's about Legitimation, Stupid!

Severs, E. & Mattelaer, A. Mar 2014 Brussels: Egmont Institute. 9 p. (European Policy Brief Nr. 21)

Research output: ResearchCommissioned report

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBrussels
PublisherEgmont Institute
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Publication series

NameEuropean Policy Brief Nr. 21

Europe’s eco-innovation strategy fuses industrial, energy and environmental policy together in a concept for sustainable economic growth in the 21st century. The latest debate about high energy prices and their impact on energy-intensive industry shows, however, that the emphasis among the three policies has shifted over the years. Some adjustments are therefore necessary in order to reduce evolving inconsistencies. This Policy Brief describes the different dimensions of the EU’s industrial policy, and assesses the options available to policy-makers to increase the competitiveness of energy-intensive sectors without compromising the eco-innovation and sustainability agenda. If several key principles of the European sustainability agenda remain unchanged, strategic development is possible.

Interview with General Sir Richard Shirreff.

Fiott, D. & Mattelaer, A. 25 Jan 2014 In : European Geostrategy.

Research output: ResearchOther scientific journal contribution

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Geostrategy
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2014

With discussions on-going in the EU on the climate and energy policy framework to 2030, it is timely to assess the reality of climate policy integration into EU energy policy. Such an analysis can lead to lessons for the legislative process for the 2030 package, and even for policies in other sectors and beyond 2030. Climate change is a complex, crosscutting, long-term and global problem. Policymakers acknowledge that integrating climate policy objectives into the elaboration and agreement of measures in other sectors represents one method for striving towards coherent policies that respond adequately to the climate change problem. This policy brief presents the results and policy recommendations from the project “climate policy integration into EU energy policy”.

The European Union (EU) has long been an important player and even a leader in the international cooperation on climate change. In 2013, preparations for a new global climate agreement in 2015 moved centre stage in the international negotiations. This policy brief assesses the EU’s performance in 2013 culminating in the Warsaw conference in November 2013. We find that the EU was actively engaged in the negotiations and pursued partially ambitious/progressive policy objectives, which it was partly successful in realising. The policy brief argues that international EU leadership for a 2015 agreement requires (1) building an international leadership alliance including the EU and other progressive countries and (2) serious homework by the EU to advance domestic climate mitigation efforts both by 2020 and 2030, and to enhance its position on climate finance.

A crisis of democratic legitimacy? It's about legitimation, stupid!

Severs, E. & Mattelaer, A. 2014 The European Elections: What is at Stake for the Citizen?: An Analysis of the EU's Legitimacy and Policy Challenges. Lepoivre, M. & Verhelst, S. (eds.). Gent: Academia Press, p. 25-38 14 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe European Elections: What is at Stake for the Citizen?
Subtitle of host publicationAn Analysis of the EU's Legitimacy and Policy Challenges
EditorsMarc Lepoivre, Stijn Verhelst
Place of PublicationGent
PublisherAcademia Press
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)978-90-382-2362-9
StatePublished - 2014

EU Peacekeeping in Africa: Towards an Indirect Approach

Mattelaer, A. & Marijnen, E. 2014 Peacekeeping in Africa: The evolving security architecture. Tardy, T. & Wyss, M. (eds.). Abingdon: Routledge, p. 54-72 19 p. (CSS Studies in Security and International Relations)

Research output: Research - peer-reviewChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPeacekeeping in Africa
Subtitle of host publicationThe evolving security architecture
EditorsThierry Tardy, Marco Wyss
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)978-0-415-71572-0
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameCSS Studies in Security and International Relations