Recent Publications

May 2011
working paper
Nikki Slocum-Bradley
Andrew Bradley

Abstract

This paper examines both the processes and outcomes of governance in the context of the EU’s relationship with ACP States within the period of the Cotonou Agreement (CA). It discusses and assesses a variety of governance mechanisms, including the European Commission’s use of the governance concept, EPAs, manifestations of partner preferences, the EDF, the revision of the CA, and Fisheries Partnership Agreements. Specific examples of the wielding of each mechanism are assessed based upon two criteria: a) the extent to which the wielding of the mechanism by the EU is a manifestation of “good governance”, and b) the extent to which the EU’s wielding of the mechanism has resulted, or is likely to result, in the sustainable development of and reduction of poverty in ACP countries. The examples are chosen to illustrate contradictions between rhetoric and practice and the consequential negative (actual and potential) impact upon development in ACP States. The final section offers suggestions for improving the EU’s governance processes and their outcomes for development.

About the authors

Nikki Slocum-Bradley is a Research fellow of the Institute for European Studies and an Associate Research Fellow at the United Nations University Centre for Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Belgium. Her research encompasses a broad range of issues at the nexus between psychology, sociology, politics and international relations. She has published in a variety of journals and books across disciplines, and edited Promoting Conflict or Peace through Identity (Ashgate, 2008). She has also authored a variety of background papers for policy forums.

Andrew Bradley is Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Human Development of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States. His current responsibilities include, for example, the maintenance of ACP–EU relations, migration, human and social development, conflict prevention and resolution, and the promotion of democracy and human rights. Previously he was a career diplomat serving in South African embassies and missions in Canada, Switzerland and Belgium. In this capacity, he was involved in the discussions/negotiations that brought about democratic change in South Africa.

Nikki Slocum-Bradley

Abstract

Proposing a discursive approach to studying identity, this paper presents Positioning Theory as a theoretical framework for conceptualizing the construction of identity in discourse. The Positioning Diamond is employed to analyse the discourse surrounding the Danish Euro referendum. The analysis reveals how identities are constructed in discourse that promotes a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ vote in the referendum, highlighting the generally implicit allocation of rights and duties to actors within a specific narrative context. The penultimate section discusses appropriate criteria for evaluating discursive accounts, distinguishing between cases in which truth, normative and ethical criteria are applicable. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of policy considerations and recommendations.

About the Author

Nikki Slocum-Bradley is a Research fellow of the Institute for European Studies and an Associate Research Fellow at the United Nations University Centre for Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Belgium. Her research encompasses a broad range of issues at the nexus between psychology, sociology, politics and international relations. She has published in a variety of journals and books across disciplines, and edited Promoting Conflict or Peace through Identity (Ashgate, 2008). She has also authored a variety of background papers for policy forums.

Alexia Herwig

Abstract

Many service transactions are highly complex, and their quality is difficult to ascertain for consumers. In order to have properly functioning service markets, the services thus often require regulation. However, with the advent of the WTO, international trade in services has become increasingly rule-bound. GATS has considerable, intricate effects on social regulation due to the characteristics of services. The allocation of regulatory jurisdiction between home and host country, for example, is rendered difficult by the process-based nature of a lot of services. The WTO US – Gambling dispute settlement report is the first to address GATS disciplines on social regulation in a detailed manner. This working paper submits that the US - Gambling report has increased interference with domestic social regulation and created regulatory uncertainty for WTO members. However, it is also argued that the real impact of the GATS on social regulation can only be understood by looking beyond the text of the GATS. GATS disciplines may become amplified through their interaction with domestic and other international law. The GATS also contains some “political” counterbalancing mechanisms that allow members to renegotiate their commitments. It is argued that these political mechanisms strengthen subsidiarity in the GATS, and make WTO dispute settlement bodies accountable to WTO members.

About the author

Alexia Herwig is an FWO post-doctoral research fellow at the Centre for Law and Cosmopolitan Values in the area of international economic law. Alexia has JSD and LL.M degrees from New York University School of Law. Her current research focuses on the constitutionalisation of the WTO, global distributive justice and labour law aspects raised by the liberalisation of trade in services. Alexia has previously been a post-doctoral research associate at the Special Research Centre on Transformations of the State at the University of Bremen, Germany and at the Institute for European Studies (IES). This paper is based on work conducted during her visiting fellowship at the IES.

EUnity of Command - The Planning and Conduct of CSDP Operations

Simon Navarro, L. & Mattelaer, A. 2011 Brussels: Egmont Institute (Egmont Paper 41).

Research output: ResearchBook

Original languageEnglish
PublisherBrussels: Egmont Institute (Egmont Paper 41)
ISBN (Print)978-90-382-1713-0
StatePublished - 2011

Comparing Organisational Models for Planning Crisis Response

Mattelaer, A. 2011 Unknown.

Research output: ResearchConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown
StatePublished - 2011

Conference

ConferenceUnknown
Period1/01/11 → …

Joseph Luns, diplomaat in hart en nieren

Mattelaer, A. 2011 In : Ons Erfdeel. 54, p. 186-187 2 p.

Research output: ResearchEditorial

Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)186-187
Number of pages2
JournalOns Erfdeel
Volume54
StatePublished - 2011

How Afghanistan has Strengthened NATO

Mattelaer, A. 2011 In : Survival. 53, p. 127-140 14 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
JournalSurvival
Volume53
StatePublished - 2011

The CSDP Mission Planning Process of the European Union: Innovations and Shortfalls

Mattelaer, A. & Falkner, G. (ed.) 16 Aug 2010 In : European Integration online Papers. 14, 18 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Integration online Papers
Volume14
StatePublished - 16 Aug 2010

Het volkenrecht voorbij: de Nederlandse besluitvorming rond Irak vanuit strategisch perspectief

Mattelaer, A., Koomen, J. & Zwaan, J. D. (ed.) 1 Jun 2010 In : Internationale Spectator. 64, p. 320-323 4 p.

Research output: ResearchArticle

Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)320-323
Number of pages4
JournalInternationale Spectator
Volume64
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2010

Laatste kans voor dossier-Afghanistan

Mattelaer, A. 2 Dec 2009 De Morgen, p. 24-24 1 p.

Research output: VulgarizingArticle

Original languageDutch
Pages24-24
Number of pages1
Specialist publicationDe Morgen
StatePublished - 2 Dec 2009