Recent Publications

Georgios Terzis
Linsey Armstrong

With both the EU and EU Member States maintaining a strong focus on culture and scientific diplomacy initiatives, it is imperative to explore how foreign correspondents covering these issues affect the perception of the European Union and its member states to audiences abroad. This policy brief attempts to examine the role foreign correspondents play in covering culture and science diplomacy, as well as in highlighting trends, challenges and opportunities for foreign correspondents currently stationed abroad.

Naciye Selin Senocak

This policy brief analyses the key shortcomings of EU cultural diplomacy and cooperation with Turkey, identifies the key opportunities and constraints and proposes recommendations for an effective strategic cooperation. ​

Chantal Lavallée

“Chapter 6: The Single European Sky: a window of opportunity for EU–NATO relations” in EU–NATO relations: running on the fumes of informed deconfliction, edited by Simon J. Smith, Carmen Gebhard and Nina Graeger, Oxford: Routledge, 2018.

Antoine Hatzenberger

This Policy Brief aims to understand how the EU’s endeavours in the fields of culture and scientific research have been received in Egypt and Tunisia, with the aim of developing a sustainable policy direction. After having identified examples of culture and science relations between the EU and MENA countries, the primary question was: What do the EU’s partners from the neighbouring countries in the South of the Mediterranean think of its approach to science, innovation and its enhancement of external cultural relations? The results of this study and the first conclusions of its analysis made it possible to make some recommendations to guide future EU policies.

Neil Collins
Kristina Bekenova

The bilateral relations between Kazakhstan and the nine European Union countries examined in this policy brief are characterised by the existence of large ethnic communities or “beached diasporas”.  In this policy brief, the European diasporas living in Kazakhstan are discussed in the context of European cultural diplomacy. The brief analyses their role and that of various specialised ethnic-cultural agencies in EU cultural diplomacy. It asks how the promotion of culture via diasporas can assist the EU in its cultural diplomacy.

Tomas Wyns
Gauri Khandekar
Isobel Robson

The “Industrial Value Chain: A Bridge towards a Carbon Neutral Europe” report was conducted by the Institute for European Studies (IES-VUB) on the behalf of the EU’s Energy Intensive Industries (EIIs) to the EU Commission’s Strategy for long-term EU greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The report identifies common opportunities and challenges faced by European EIIs in meeting ambitious climate targets, highlights the constructive and solutions-oriented role that the EIIs have been playing, determines a combination of key solutions that will help EIIs to significantly reduce their emissions, as well as addresses the necessary conditions for ensuring that Europe is at the forefront of the energy and industrial transformation. The report outlines a new and integrated EU industrial strategy for EIIs as part of a competitive low-CO2 transition, and underscores that an EU strategy for long-term EU greenhouse gas emission reductions will only be successful if it fully embeds an industrial strategy. 

Irina Angelescu
Florian Trauner

Angelescu, Irina and Florian Trauner (2018): 10,000 border guards for Frontex: why the EU risks conflated expectations. Policy Brief. Brussels: European Policy Centre (EPC), 21 September 2018.

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Chantal Lavallée
Ilke Adam
Tiziana Caponio

In this chapter we undertake a literature review of the emerging and burgeoning literature on the multi-level governance (MLG) of migration and immigrant integration policy. Since only very few studies in the migration policy field have explicitly adopted the MLG conceptual tools, we adopt a broad definition of MLG as the process of dispersion of authority away from the nation-state and across interdependent, and yet autonomous, public authorities and non-governmental organisations placed at different levels of government. We argue that existing MLG-relevant research looks like two reversed pyramids. While studies on migration policy mostly focus on the interaction in upper governmental tiers, namely between international organisations (including the EU) and the state, research on the MLG of migrant integration is mostly situated at lower tiers of government, namely between the state and the local authorities and/or regions. Beyond differences between the subfields of the MLG of migration and migrant integration, the chapter also sheds light on different research foci of North American and European research.


ADAM, Ilke and CAPONIO, Tiziana (2018) Research on the Multi-Level Governance of Migration and Migrant Integration. Reversed Pyramids in Weinar, A., Bonjour, S. and Zhynormirska, L. Routledge Handbook of the Politics of Migration in Europe, London : Routledge

Ilke Adam

The study of territorial politics has enjoyed a renaissance in the last thirty years. Scholars have questioned the state-centric assumptions upon which mainstream social science has been built, pointing to the territorial (re)distribution of power across and within states. 

This Handbook brings together leading scholars to demonstrate how territory has shaped institutional structures, public policies, elections, political parties, and identity across the world. Offering theoretical, comparative and empirical insights, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the impact of territory on modern political, economic and social life.


ADAM, Ilke  (2018), Immigration and Sub-State Nations. Theorizing the Nexus, in Detterbeck, K. and Hepburn, E., Handbook on Territorial Politics, Cheltenham - Northampton: Edgar Elgar Publishing.